“For me, however, it is unacceptable that he – President Erdogan and his government – expresses this discontent not through dialogue with us as the European Union, but on the backs of refugees,” she told reporters. “For me, it`s not the right way.” In contrast, Greek authorities say 139 undocumented people have been arrested since Friday, adding that they arrested thousands more before they entered. The Joint Advisory Committee (JCC) was established on 16 November 1995 in accordance with Article 25 of the Ankara Agreement. The Community`s objective is to promote dialogue and cooperation between the economic and social actors of the European Community and Turkey and to facilitate the institutionalisation of the partners of this dialogue in Turkey. The joint consultative commune has a mixed, cooperative and two-wing structure: the wings of the EU and Turkey. It has a total of 36 members, consisting of 18 Turkish representatives and 18 EU representatives, and two elected co-chairs, one Turkish and the other from the EU. The UN human rights chief has called on Greece to deal with all individual cases with genuine attention to all the grounds of protection required by international human rights law, including during the appeal phase. Zeid said he was particularly concerned that returns on the basis of asylum applications to Greece would be considered “unacceptable” because Turkey was a “safe third country” or a “first country of asylum”. While the Turkish government needed a public relations victory, it had deeper motivations for opening borders.
Ankara said the measure would put pressure on the European Union to support its orientation in Idlib and to provide additional funds to Syrian refugees in Turkey. It also sought to force the EU to comply with its obligations under a March 2016 agreement by which Turkey limits the number of migrants entering Europe in exchange for refugee aid and other promises. The agreement also included promises to ease visa restrictions for Turkish citizens, revive Ankara`s EU accession negotiations and strengthen the customs union between the two sides. The Turkish government has argued that Brussels has not complied with the agreement on these issues, even though it has fully implemented itself. After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire after World War I, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk`s Turkish revolutionaries won the Turkish War of Independence and built the modern Turkish Republic in its current form. Ataturk, the president of Turkey, has carried out a series of reforms, including secularization and industrialization, to “Europeanize” or westernize the country.  During World War II, Turkey remained neutral until February 1945, when it joined the Allies. The country participated in the Marshall Plan of 1947, became a member of the Council of Europe in 1950 and a member of NATO in 1952.  During the Cold War, Turkey allied itself with the United States and Western Europe. Turkish expert Meltem Ahska describes Turkey`s position vis-à-vis Europe and explains how “in a long and tense history, Europe has been both an object of desire and a source of frustration with Turkey`s national identity.”  Turkey currently receives 4.5 billion euros for the period 2014-2020 (approximately 740 million euros per year) from the pre-accession budget.
 The European Parliament`s November 2016 resolution on the suspension of accession negotiations with Turkey on human rights and rule of law issues called on the Commission to “reflect on the latest developments in Turkey” when revising the support programme The ALDE Group called for a freeze on pre-accession aid.  Kati Piri, the European Parliament`s rapporteur for Turkey, proposed in April 2017 to transform and concentrate funds to support the constitutional referendum of those who share European values and who are now under “enormous pressure”.  As the number of refugee and migrant arrivals continued to rise and the political climate continued to deteriorate, the United States