New York Agreement Papua

Some members of the quasi-legislative Council of New Guinea, established under the Netherlands, were disappointed that the Netherlands had signed the agreement without consultation with the Council. Nevertheless, the Council decided to support the agreement and to cooperate with the United Nations and Indonesian authorities to maintain peace and order. A small minority of Council members, including Nicolaas Jouwe, refused to support the agreement and went into exile in the Netherlands. [6] The United Nations mandate ended on May 1, 1963, as stipulated in the New York Agreement. [11] 2. With regard to the conduct of the Indonesian and Dutch flags, it was agreed that this issue would be resolved by mutual agreement between the Secretary-General and the respective governments. Skirmishes between Dutch and Indonesian forces have escalated tensions in the region and the Dutch government has abandoned plans for Western Irian under heavy pressure from the United States. On August 15, 1962, the Netherlands signed an agreement in New York negotiated by the United States, under which the West Irian was transferred in October 1962 under a temporary infidelity, UNTEA, and then transferred to Indonesia on May 1, 1963. However, at the 1949 Dutch-Indonesian roundtable, both Indonesia and the Netherlands failed to agree on the status of New Guinea, with the Netherlands arguing that Western New Guinea should remain in place for the eventual self-determination of the natives once they are sufficiently “ripe”. [4] The resulting agreement was unclear on New Guinea`s final status, although the Dutch Workers` Party rejected an amendment that would explicitly exclude New Guinea from Indonesian independence.

[3] Beginning in 1951, the Indonesian government interpreted the results of the Round Table Conference to restore sovereignty over all former Dutch East Indies, including New Guinea. [4] During negotiations with the Indonesians, the Netherlands stated that it could relinquish sovereignty over Dutch New Guinea because the conservative parties of the Dutch parliament, deeply humiliated by Indonesia`s independence and wishing to retain a colonial stronghold in the region, would not vote to ratify such an agreement. [3] When the Indonesian government withdrew from the Dutch-Indonesian Union, frustrated by the slow pace of talks on New Guinea, the Netherlands felt free of any obligation to continue negotiations on the issue. [4] Indonesia, supported by all African and Asian nations except nationalist China, attempted to pass a UN General Assembly resolution calling on the Netherlands to negotiate with it the status of Western New Guinea. But the resolutions were blocked by opposition from all Western nations except Greece. [5] President Kennedy then met with both Dutch Foreign Minister Joseph Luns and Mr. Sukarno, both of whom had accepted a United Nations trust but disagreed on the details. When the United States supported a “compromise” resolution at the United Nations that rejected Indonesia, relations with Indonesia were bored. In December, National Security Adviser McGeorge Bundy Kennedy strongly advised a pro-Indonesian stance for the “Soviet bloc to…

Indonesia is getting even closer to it. [2] The secret talks negotiated by the United States at the ambassadorial level began in March 1962 without preconditions, but Sukarno was skeptical of American intentions. [2] The interviews took place at Huntland`s property in Middleburg, Virginia. [10] A draft plan by US diplomat Ellsworth Bunker in 1962 provided that the Netherlands would transfer control of New Guinea to neutral United Nations administrators, who would be gradually replaced by Indonesian administrators, and then to Indonesia, which would hold a referendum “to give freedom to the Papuans” with the UN Secretary General and other UNITED Nations staff. [4] The Netherlands responded that the proposal was a “shocking betrayal of the United States”[2] which originally wanted to hold the referendum