Temporary exclusions relate to products for which tariffs are ultimately reduced to 0-5%, but which are temporarily protected by a delay in tariff reductions. This is authorized under the AFTA agreement and is defined as part of a protocol for the implementation of Cept`s temporary exclusion list. In 2000, Malaysia invoked this protocol and deferred tariff reductions for fully built cars and knock-down kits to protect its local automotive industry. A small number of sensitive agricultural products will be extended by a period of time until 2010 for their integration into the CEPT regime. In an agreement that has not yet been fully established, the process of reducing tariffs for these products will begin between 2000 and 2005, apparently depending on the country and the product. In the absence of agreement between countries, amateur radio operators often have to apply for a mutual operating licence or a full amateur radio licence and a call signal from the host country. Some countries may accept an amateur radio licence abroad as proof of qualification rather than examination requirements, while other host countries may unilaterally grant reciprocal operating privileges without the need for additional licensing. According to the CEPT agreement, American amateurs qualified as extra class and Advanced must bring three things when they travel to a country participating in the CEPT: 1) Do not bring the reference copy of the official U.S. license issued by the FCC.
2) Provide proof of U.S. citizenship (usually in the form of a passport). 3) Bring a copy of the CEPT FCC communication explaining what American fans should consider and bring when travelling to a CEPT country (DA Note 16-1048 of 16.09.2016 contains information in three languages, English, French and German). [Note: Although the FCC does not indicate that your original hardcopy license is a document that you must carry to the CEPT areas, the actual CEPT agreement that the U.S. has consented to means that U.S. amateurs will own such a document; so be sure to bring your original hardcopy license document issued by the FCC when you travel and operate in CEPT areas. As of February 4, 2008, the CEPT no longer accepts technicians or general class licenses for cept rights.  General exceptions relate to products that a country deems necessary for the protection of national security, public morality, protection of human, animal or plant health and health, as well as for the protection of objects of artistic, historical or archaeological value. About 1% of ASEAN`s tariff lines fall into this category.
Similarly, a “covered agreement” as contained in Appendix I of the Protocol on the Enhanced Dispute Settlement Mechanism of 2004 and Article 24.3 of the 2007 ASEAN Charter which provides that “[t]he 2004 ASEAN Protocol on the Enhanced Dispute Resolution Mechanism, in the absence of specific indications, disputes over the interpretation or implementation of ASEAN economic agreements are resolved in accordance with the 2004 ASEAN Protocol on the Enhanced Dispute Settlement Mechanism.” The United States and Canada currently accept CEPT licences in areas controlled by the U.S. Federal Communications Commission and Canadian industry.   Amateur radio service (amateur service and amateur satellite service) is established by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) under the International Telecommunications Regulations.