Algiers Agreement Eritrea Ethiopia


In 2000, the two countries finally signed to peacefully settle their dispute with the Algiers agreement through an international tribunal. The judgement was rendered final and binding in 2003, in which the main border town of Badme was assigned to Eritrea. The ruling gave a clear as definitive and binding border on the entire border between the two countries. However, delimitation could not take place because Ethiopia had set a precondition for border settlement and had continued to occupy Eritrean territory. As a result, what followed for the next 16 years was a “no war, no peace” impasse. Addis Ababa, 05 June 2018 – After a one-day meeting of the 36 members of the ruling EPRDF Executive Committee, a statement issued by the Politburo states that Ethiopia will comply with the Algiers Agreement of 12 December 2000, a peace agreement between the Governments of Eritrea and Ethiopia, which established a Special Boundary Commission, was fully accepted. However, as of September 2007, Ethiopia considered Eritrea to be in violation of the agreement and warned that it could use it as a ground for denouncing or suspending the agreement. [4] In December 2007, an estimated 4,000 Eritrean soldiers remained in the “demilitarized zone,” with another 120,000 along the border. Ethiopia had 100,000 troops at its side. [5] The Algiers agreement provided that the two states, fresh out of a costly two-year war, would accept a decision by eritrea`s Ethiopia Boundary Commission (EEBC) as “final and binding.” However, when the EEBC made its decision to award Eritrea the city of Badme, the epicenter of the war that killed tens of thousands of people on both sides, Ethiopia withdrew from its commitment to finally declare with the late Prime Minister Meles Zenawi that Ethiopia will only accept the EEBC decision “in principle,” which led to sixteen years without peaceless war between the two countries and frustrated the community. international. Each of the parties has submitted requests to the Commission on its own behalf and on behalf of its nationals within one year of the entry into force of the Agreement and, with certain exceptions, the Commission should be the sole forum for such complaints.

In appropriate cases, the parties could assert rights on behalf of persons of Eritrean or Ethiopian origin who are not nationals. Ethiopia`s new 41-year-old prime minister, Mr. Abiy Ahmed was elected to power mainly as a direct result of the interminable protest against the repressive nature of the Ethiopian government, which came to power in 1991. Sixteen years after the judgment of the Ethiopia-Eritrea Boundary Commission (EEBC), Mr. . .